Every woman has used the excuse “I’m PMSing” in their lifetime. However, recent studies show that PMS and PMDD aren’t just excuses but medical conditions that can have an impact on a woman’s daily life.
What is PMS?
PMS, or premenstrual syndrome, is a group of symptoms linked to the menstrual cycle. Though the length of time PMS occurs depends on the woman, the symptoms usually occur one to two weeks before menstruation begins. Some of the most common symptoms for PMS include:
Irritability and mood swings
Headaches and backaches
Trouble with concentration
Anxiety and depression
According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, about 85 percent of women show at least one of these symptoms before menstruation. However, one in 20 women can suffer with a severe form of PMS, also known as PMDD.
What is PMDD?
As previously stated, premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe form of PMS. The symptoms are similar to PMS, but are severe enough to interfere with work, social activities and relationships. PMDD is diagnosed by a physician if erratic mood swings, anger, fatigue, insomnia, tension and lack of interest in usual activities occur a week before and after menstruation.
Medications, such as hormone-based birth control and anti-depressants
If you feel that your PMS or PMDD is impacting your daily life, consult your physician about treatment options.